Economic, social, political, and technical aspects of sustainable water supply and sanitation service provision in developing countries. Case studies from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Service pricing, alternative institutional structures including privatization, and the role of consumer demand and community participation in the planning process. Environmental and public health considerations, and strategies for serving low-income households. Limited enrollment because of substantial discussion component. Permission of instructor required; interested students should complete the application form here. Next offered in Autumn 2016.
Preference to sophomores. Linkages between water, wastewater and public health, with an emphasis on engineering interventions. Topics include the history of water and wastewater infrastructure development in the U.S. and Europe; evolution of epidemiological approaches for water-related health challenges; biological and chemical contaminants in water and wastewater and their management; and current trends and challenges in access to water and sanitation around the world. How to identify ways in which freshwater contributes to human health; exposure routes for water- and sanitation-illness; how to classify these illnesses by pathogen type and their geographic distribution; how to identify the health and economic consequences of water- and sanitation-related illnesses; costs and benefits of curative and preventative interventions; and how to interpret data related to epidemiological concepts. No previous experience in engineering is required. NOTE: Not offered in 2016-2017 academic year.
Required core course restricted to first year E-IPER Ph.D. students. Research design options for causal inference in environmentally related research. Major philosophies of knowledge and how they relate to research objectives and design choices. Identification of critical elements within a broad range of research designs. Evaluation of the types of research questions for which different designs are suited, emphasizing fit between objectives, design, methods, and argument. Development of individual research design proposals, including description and justification understandable to a non-specialist. Enrollment limited to E-IPER students; requires permission of instructor. Limited enrollment; permission of instructor required. Winter quarter.
CEE 277F: Advanced field methods in water, health & development
Field methods for assessing household stored water quality, hand contamination, behaviors, and knowledge related to water, sanitation, and health. Participation in research project in developing country field site. Limited enrollment. Consent of instructors required.