The links between water, sanitation, hygiene and health are intuitively obvious yet persistently challenging to document in a scientifically rigorous way. Our group works in the area of modeling health outcomes as a function of various water- and sanitation-related, socioeconomic and demographic factors. We also evaluate the impacts of WASH improvements on rates of infectious disease, time savings, income generation, and other outcomes of interest. Finally, we are interested in what makes for effective health risk communication to households in low- and middle-income countries. This topic is important because there is a substantial behavioral component required for the health benefits of non-networked water and sanitation services to be realized.
Water, sanitation, and child mortality in Africa (Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, and Natinonal Science Foundation funding): This is a field-based investigation into the use of informational interventions to improve water management, saniation practices, and hand hygiene among 1,000 Tanzanian households with under-5 children.
- Pickering, A., Julian, T., Marks, S., Mattioli, M., Boehm, A., Schwab, K., and Davis, J, 2012. "Fecal contamination and diarrheal pathogens on surfaces and in soils among Tanzanian households with and without improved sanitation." In press at Environmental Science & Technology.
- A. Pickering and J. Davis. 2012. “Freshwater availability affects child health in sub-Saharan Africa.” Environmental Science & Technology. doi: 10.1021/es203177v.
- N Badowski, C. Castro, M. Montgomery, A. Pickering, S. Mamuya, and J. Davis. "Understanding Household Behavioral Risk Factors for Diarrheal Disease in Dar es Salaam: A Photovoice Community Assessment." Journal of Environmental and Public Health, Vol. 2011( 130467). doi:10.1155/2011/130467.
- A. Pickering, Jennifer Davis, Alexandria B. Boehm. “Efficacy of alcohol-based hand sanitizer on hands soiled with dirt and cooking oil.” 2011. Journal of Water & Health 9(3): 429-433. doi:10.2166/wh.2011.138.
- J. Davis, A. Boehm, A. Pickering, K. Rogers, and S. Mamuya. 2011. “The effects of informational interventions on household water management, hygiene behaviors, stored drinking water quality, and hand contamination in peri-urban Tanzania.” American Journal of Tropical Hygiene & Medicine 84(2): 184-191. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0126.
- A. Pickering, T. Julian, A. Boehm, J. Davis. 2010. Bacterial hand contamination among Tanzanian mothers varies temporally and following household activities. Tropical Medicine & International Health. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02677.x.
- Amy J. Pickering, Jennifer Davis, Sarah P. Walters, Helena M. Horak, Daniel P. Keymer, Douglas Mushi, Rachelle Strickfaden, Joshua S. Chynoweth, Jessie Liu, Annalise Blum, Kirsten Rogers, Alexandria B. Boehm. 2010. Hands, water, and health: fecal contamination in Tanzanian communities with improved, non-networked water supplies. Environmental Science & Technology 44, 3267-3272.
- H. M. Horak, J. S. Chynoweth, W. P. Myers, J. A. Davis, S. Fendorf, A.B. Boehm. 2010. Water quality of water in rain catchments compared to other drinking water sources in the East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Water and Health 8, 126-138.
- Amy J. Pickering , Alexandria B. Boehm , Mathew Mwanjali , and Jennifer Davis. 2010. Efficacy of Waterless Hand Hygiene Compared with Handwashing with Soap: A Field Study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 82 (2), 270-278.